Posts Tagged ‘Canada’

Costume to indicate extra cleavage. Clean up hair and make-up on the job. Line up for a bodily critique. These are simply a number of the directions Air Canada flight attendants got in a bid to enhance customer support, their union alleges in a criticism to the Canadian Human Rights Fee.

CUPE filed the criticism this month, claiming that Air Canada flight attendants face rampant sexual harassment and discrimination, and that the airline has accomplished little to handle the issue.

The criticism comes as flight attendants throughout North America have gotten extra vocal about harassment of their trade.

Air Canada employs eight,500 flight attendants. The airline says it has zero tolerance for harassment or discrimination, and that the union by no means shared its claims of a systemic downside earlier than submitting the criticism.

‘Strut their stuff’

CUPE’s criticism follows latest modifications at Air Canada together with fashionable new uniforms for employees.

The union claims Air Canada ran coaching classes the place flight attendants needed to mannequin the brand new uniform, and have been instructed to “strut their stuff” down a makeshift runway — full with a spin on the finish — in what the union known as “a sexualized style present.”

“These people have been critiqued and judged by administration on a go/fail foundation on their capability to placed on this ‘present’ for his or her colleagues and administration,” says the criticism.

It claims one attendant failed as a result of he was “prancing” an excessive amount of on the catwalk. The worker — who’s homosexual — discovered the remark upsetting.

Air Canada workers exhibit new uniforms unveiled in 2017. How flight attendants have been requested to mannequin the uniforms is a part of a human rights criticism filed by the workers’ union. (Air Canada)

The criticism additionally claims flight attendants confronted scrutiny off the runway: Managers lined them up within the hallway of their new uniforms and graded how they seemed. They even assessed their make-up and nails, the union stated.

“They have been subjected to degrading and discriminatory feedback,” stated the criticism, together with critiques corresponding to “eyes have been too small” and pores and skin color was “too white.”

The assertion additionally says a supervisor instructed feminine flight attendants they need to put on the non-obligatory gown uniform extra typically “with the intention to ‘present extra cleavage’ to clients.”

The criticism additionally referenced an up to date handbook for flight attendants that dictates what color and kind of undergarment to put on, and dedicates three pages to make-up recommendation for feminine staff. Suggestions embrace one of the best ways to use lipstick and the best way to accent eyebrows with a highlighter.

Sexual harassment allegations

The criticism additionally contains particular person sexual harassment allegations that CUPE claims stem from a lately launched effort to enhance customer support by having managers coach crew members whereas on the aircraft. 

The union claims some managers are taking liberties with the flight attendants.

In a single allegation, a male supervisor observing an on-board crew made origami breasts with the linen napkins and positioned an oxygen masks over his groin throughout a security demonstration.

In one other, a male supervisor sexually harassed a male flight attendant throughout a flight by sitting “uncomfortably shut” to him and making sexually suggestive feedback.

That supervisor additionally allegedly watched the worker at a resort health club in the course of the flight layover.

The human rights criticism says the difficulty was introduced earlier than Air Canada and was “stunningly dismissed” by the corporate. CUPE additionally claims different comparable complaints to the airline have been ignored.

Air Canada’s new service model handbook for flight workers contains three pages of make-up suggestions for feminine staff. (Air Canada)

The union says it needs the continued harassment to cease and for Air Canada to finish its new coaching program.

Air Canada says this system is essential, as a result of it has helped enhance customer support on flights. The airline additionally says it takes all harassment and discrimination claims critically.

“[We] have established processes in place to take care of any such complaints and to behave upon them,” spokesperson Peter Fitzpatrick stated in an e-mail to CBC Information.

Allegations towards WestJet

The allegations come at a time when flight attendants are talking out about an trade they declare is rife with harassment.

Former WestJet flight attendant, Mandalena Lewis alleges she was sexually assaulted by a WestJet pilot in 2010.

In 2016, she filed a proposed class motion lawsuit, claiming WestJet has did not create a secure work surroundings for feminine flight attendants.

WestJet has stated it will not remark whereas the matter is earlier than the courts. When Lewis first went public together with her allegations, the airline stated it adopted correct process in her case.

Mandalena Lewis, a former WestJet flight attendant, is suing the airline, alleging it didn’t correctly examine her sexual assault allegation towards a pilot. (Ioanna Roumeliotis/CBC)

In the meantime, within the U.S. final week, the pinnacle of the union representing 50,000 flight attendants testified earlier than Congress, claiming flight attendants are ongoing victims of sexual harassment and assault.

“Even at present, we’re known as pet names, patted on the rear… and subjected to incidents not match for print,” testified Sara Nelson, president of the Affiliation of Flight Attendants, in a written assertion.  

“We name on the trade to take this concern critically.”

Neither Ottawa nor the provinces have actually assessed the dangers a altering local weather poses to the nation and haven’t any actual thought of what is likely to be wanted to adapt to it, says a brand new audit launched Tuesday.

The joint audit, performed by federal Surroundings Commissioner Julie Gelfand and auditors normal in 9 provinces, appears to be like at local weather change planning and emissions discount progress between November 2016 and March 2018.

It says whereas many governments have high-level objectives to chop emissions, few have detailed plans to really attain these objectives, reminiscent of timelines, funding or anticipated outcomes from particular actions.

The audit says assessments to adapt to the dangers posed by local weather change have been haphazard, inconsistent and missing intimately, with no timeline for motion and no funding.

The nation’s emissions objectives are additionally a hodgepodge of various targets, with no consistency in how emissions are measured or whether or not cuts will goal total greenhouse fuel outputs or simply these from particular financial sectors.

The auditors say meaning there isn’t any readability on how Canada and the provinces and territories are going to measure, monitor and report on their contributions to assembly Canada’s worldwide dedication to chop emissions by at the least 30 per cent from 2005 ranges by 2030.

As of 2015, the latest yr for which full statistics can be found, Canada was practically 200 million tonnes in need of that objective, which is the equal of the emissions produced by about 44 million automobiles every year. That’s twice the variety of autos registered in Canada.

Surroundings Minister Catherine McKenna mentioned it is the primary time auditors have accomplished such a overview of Canada’s local weather change insurance policies, which she sees as an essential recognition of the precedence local weather change ought to have in authorities enterprise. However she mentioned the audit — as Gelfand herself notes — appears to be like backwards and doesn’t really bear in mind the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clear Development and Local weather Change.

That plan was launched in December 2016, after the audit’s scope was already established. It additionally falls in need of reaching the 2030 objectives, nevertheless.

McKenna mentioned the plan addresses lots of the issues within the audit, outlining how sure insurance policies will obtain particular emissions cuts.

“The earlier authorities did nothing for a decade however we’re 100 per cent dedicated to our goal,” McKenna mentioned. “Arduous issues are arduous. We have now a plan and we’re already seeing measurable outcomes.”

Inexperienced Occasion Chief Elizabeth Might feedback on the Federal Surroundings Commissioner’s report on local weather motion plans throughout the nation 2:07

Catherine Abreu, government director of the Local weather Motion Community, mentioned this audit appears to be like at what progress was made to fulfill Canada’s present targets — together with the 2020 dedication, which Canada has deserted understanding it has no hope of assembly it.

That concentrate on was to deliver emissions 17 per cent under 2005 ranges by 2020.

Abreu notes that’s the third worldwide emissions goal Canada has set and can miss. The Gelfand report says the 2030 plan is in danger if Canada and the provinces do not step it up.

All provinces however Saskatchewan are presently signed on to the pan-Canadian framework, which requires each province to place a value on air pollution by the beginning of subsequent yr. The 4 largest provinces have already got one. Manitoba will add a $ 25-a-tonne carbon tax in September and each different province will both have to ascertain their very own value or have a federal value imposed as of subsequent Jan. 1.

The NDP’s Linda Duncan feedback on the Surroundings Commissioner’s local weather motion report zero:31

There may very well be tough waters forward. Saskatchewan hasn’t joined the framework and says it is going to sue if the federal authorities tries to impose a carbon value. Ontario and Alberta each have a carbon value plan in place — cap and commerce for Ontario and a carbon tax system with arduous caps on emissions from the oilsands for Alberta — however coming provincial elections may deliver to energy premiers who’re working on a promise to finish carbon pricing.

McKenna mentioned the clear know-how sector is creating in response to local weather change, creating an unlimited financial alternative — whereas not taking motion on local weather change now will price the federal government cash later.

“It’s disappointing when you may have politicians pretending that there isn’t any price to local weather change,” she mentioned. “Proper now the associated fee to the federal authorities is within the billions of to cope with the impacts of local weather change, whether or not it is floods, whether or not it is forest fires, a melting Arctic. We have to be taking motion.”

Canadian officers are as soon as once more disputing U.S. President Donald Trump’s declare that his nation runs a commerce deficit with its neighbour to the north.

Trump boasted in a fundraising speech in Missouri on Wednesday that he made up figures concerning the supposed commerce deficit in a gathering with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, in keeping with a recording of the feedback obtained by the Washington Publish.

Trump says on the recording that after Trudeau instructed him the U.S. doesn’t have a commerce deficit with Canada, he replied, “Mistaken, Justin, you do” — then provides, “I did not even know … I had no concept.”

The president stated he then despatched a employees member to double-check the declare.

“Properly, sir, you are really proper,” Trump says within the recording. “We’ve no deficit however that does not embrace power and timber and if you do, we lose $ 17 billion a 12 months. It is unbelievable.”

Trump doubled down on the commerce deficit declare on Twitter Thursday morning.

“We do have a commerce deficit with Canada, as we do with virtually all international locations,” he stated. “They do. They virtually all do and that is how I do know!”

A spokesperson for International Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland disputed Trump’s commerce tally.

“Canada and america have a balanced and mutually helpful buying and selling relationship. Based on their very own statistics, the U.S. runs a commerce surplus with Canada,” spokesperson Adam Austen stated.

Donald Trump admits he made up info1:02

The Workplace of the U.S. Commerce Consultant confirms that “the U.S. items and providers commerce surplus with Canada was $ 12.5 billion in 2016,” Austen stated.

Transport Minister Marc Garneau, chair of the cupboard committee on Canada-U.S. relations, supplied an identical line of defence on Thursday.

“At this level it is crucial to level out that there’s over $ 2 billion a day of commerce between our two international locations and general yearly america has a small surplus with Canada,” he instructed reporters in Montreal.

“So we are able to discuss balanced commerce between the 2 international locations, big quantities of commerce, and that is one thing we need to proceed to enhance as we negotiate the NAFTA settlement.”

Freeland Committee 20180208

International Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland has been fast to appropriate the U.S. up to now, arguing that in general commerce in items and providers, Canada has a commerce deficit with the U.S. of practically $ eight billion US. (Justin Tang/Canadian Press)

Canadian authorities sources beforehand have defined away Washington’s account of the Canada-U.S. buying and selling relationship as mainly counting items twice.

U.S. Commerce Consultant Robert Lighthizer has been together with items that cross via Canada however do not originate right here as Canadian exports in his export calculations, artificially inflating the U.S.’s commerce deficit in items with Canada, sources instructed CBC again in February.

For instance, a Chinese language washer that passes via the port of Vancouver on its strategy to the U.S. is being counted as a part of each the U.S. commerce deficit with China and the U.S. items deficit with Canada.

Garneau on Trump and commerce1:05