Posts Tagged ‘foreign’

Extra needs to be achieved to stop overseas interference and abuse of social media from disrupting Canada’s elections, says Canada’s chief election watchdog.

In his annual report tabled in Parliament final week, Commissioner of Elections Yves Côté mentioned he has already begun to arrange for attainable threats to subsequent yr’s federal election.

“Of specific curiosity and concern, to me and Canadians typically, are the inappropriate use of social media and attainable interference by overseas actors,” wrote Côté.

Côté, whose workplace investigates election wrongdoing, mentioned the variety of investigations which have required the Commissioner of Canada Elections workplace to look past Canada’s borders has been rising.

“Through the previous yr, and more and more over the previous few election cycles, the CCE has needed to perform investigations that contain some actions outdoors Canada, or the alleged participation of overseas individuals or organizations.”

Overseas interference difficult to research

The investigations might be difficult, he mentioned.

“The presence of overseas parts in investigations nearly all the time offers rise to delays, complexities, and different challenges. For instance, a major period of time and assets will usually be required merely to acquire the manufacturing of proof positioned outdoors Canada.”

In some circumstances it’s nearly not possible to acquire the proof elections investigators want, he added.

“In some circumstances, when the proof is underneath the jurisdiction of a rustic with which Canada doesn’t have cooperation agreements, it’s going to merely be not possible to amass the proof. If brokers of a overseas state had been concerned in the subject material of the investigations, then the investigative work would develop into all of the extra arduous.”

Côté mentioned his workplace might be working carefully with different our bodies which are trying to detect and forestall overseas interference in politics.

Discussions with Fb, Twitter

Côté’s report comes as revelations proceed to return to gentle about overseas makes an attempt to affect elections in locations like the USA, the place midterm elections are slated for this fall.

It additionally comes as Canada’s Parliament is weighing Invoice C-76, which Côté’s workplace says will handle a variety of the threats posed by overseas interference and social media.

The Commissioner of Elections workplace says it has already begun speaking with Fb and Twitter about methods to keep away from social media abuse in subsequent yr’s federal election. (Paul Sakuma/Related Press)

In his report, Côté additionally highlights the potential of social media to disrupt Canadian elections.

“The abuse of social media and its confirmed potential to create severe issues with democratic processes elevate questions of elementary significance,” he wrote. “Political events, candidates, Elections Canada, third events, NGOs, mainstream media and the social-media platforms themselves, all have a job to play in stopping the unfold of misinformation.”

Whereas Côté was not accessible for an interview, his workplace mentioned they’ve already begun reaching out to a few of the largest social media platforms, constructing relationships and asking them to pledge their assist.

“We’ve been in discussions with Fb and Twitter and we might be assembly with Google in early fall,” mentioned spokesperson Michelle Laliberté. “Up to now these discussions have been very constructive and we’re wanting ahead to persevering with this dialogue as we put together for the subsequent election.”

Proposed modifications embody fines

In his report, Côté mentioned the adoption of Invoice C-76 would assist his workplace examine election wrongdoing and “deliver the enforcement of the Canada Elections Act into the 21st century.”

Among the many proposed modifications are a system of administrative financial penalties or fines, beefing up compliance agreements, permitting Côté to use to a choose to hunt an order forcing a witness to offer data and permitting Côté’s workplace to put costs by itself with out having to attend for the general public prosecutions workplace to approve them.

In keeping with the report, Côte’s workplace labored out compliance agreements in 5 circumstances between 2017 and 2018 for infractions similar to failing to file monetary returns, opening separate financial institution accounts or making federal funding bulletins at partisan occasions. It additionally had eight circumstances earlier than the courts, together with the costs laid towards former Conservative MP Dean Del Mastro for exceeding marketing campaign spending limits.

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The B.C. Employment Requirements Tribunal has ordered an Indian restaurant in Surrey, B.C., to pay $ 32,702 in unpaid wages and curiosity to a cook dinner delivered to Canada as a brief overseas employee.

Advocates for migrant employees and unbiased companies say the case factors to inadequacies in Canada’s immigration system, which they are saying offers extra benefits to high-income earners over employees from decrease socio-economic backgrounds.

In its choice, the tribunal mentioned that from November 2016 to February 2017, Brijesh Mohan labored 12-hour days six days per week on the restaurant as a Tandoori cook dinner.

The choice says Mohan claimed the restaurant did not pay him common and extra time wages, statutory vacation pay and annual trip pay.

Together with curiosity, the restaurant has been ordered to pay Mohan $ 32,702 plus $ three,000 in administrative charges.

The restaurant appealed the choice, claiming B.C.’s Employment Requirements Department disregarded a few of the proof it offered and was biased towards the employer.

The attraction was dismissed in Could. 

CBC Information reached out to restaurant director Shailendra Bitton, however he refused to touch upon the choice, solely saying: “It is a nice injustice.”

Program ‘treats individuals as commodities’

Canada’s non permanent overseas employees program is designed to permit employers to “rent overseas employees to fill non permanent labour and talent shortages,” in keeping with a federal authorities web site.

Sometimes, employers need to submit a labour market influence evaluation to point out they can’t discover a Canadian or everlasting resident to do the job. 

“This system is designed to permit for the exploitation of individuals,” mentioned Syed Hassan, co-ordinator with the Migrant Staff Alliance for Change. “It treats individuals as commodities.”

Hassan says some non permanent employees pay as much as two years wages in charges to personal recruiters to get into the Canadian work market. Consequently, these employees are sometimes reluctant to complain about their jobs for concern they might be despatched residence in debt.

He mentioned Ontario has banned recruitment charges, and that Manitoba and Nova Scotia have sturdy legal guidelines governing them, however B.C. doesn’t.

Additional complicating issues, employees’ visas are tied on to their employer. In the event that they need to change jobs, they need to discover a enterprise prepared to pay as much as $ 1,000 for a labour market influence evaluation, Hassan mentioned.

The non permanent overseas employee program unfairly targets low-wage employees, he mentioned.

“It’s important that we now have a system that permits individuals in these industries that permits individuals to come back to Canada completely.”

All talent ranges wanted

Richard Truscott, vp for the B.C. and Alberta chapter of the Canadian Federation for Unbiased Enterprise, agreed. 

He mentioned most employers deal with non permanent overseas employees pretty, though he admits there are a number of “dangerous apples” on the market. 

However most employers solely use the non permanent overseas employee program “as a final resort,” as a result of the paperwork is onerous and costly, Truscott mentioned.

Most companies would fairly rent individuals already in Canada, he mentioned. 

“Our system has turn out to be biased towards anyone coming to Canada except you are … some extremely expert particular person,” he mentioned.

“We’d like individuals to be immigrating to the nation that may fill jobs in any respect talent ranges, together with and particularly these lower-skilled jobs. That is how the nation was constructed.”

In a written assertion, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada mentioned some pathways do exist to assist non permanent employees come to Canada on a everlasting foundation.

The ministry additionally mentioned the Canadian authorities is reviewing the pathway to everlasting residence for non permanent employees who’re already well-established in Canada.

“That assessment is ongoing and any coverage modifications could be introduced at an acceptable time,” the ministry mentioned.

Learn extra from CBC British Columbia


Prime Minister Justin Trudeau will interrupt his nine-day international journey to return to Ottawa to fulfill with B.C. Premier John Horgan and Alberta Premier Rachel Notley to attempt to finish the impasse over the Trans Mountain pipeline enlargement.

Trudeau will journey to Ottawa from Lima, Peru, then journey on to Paris.

The itinerary change was introduced simply minutes earlier than the prime minister’s airplane departed for Peru, the place he’s becoming a member of greater than 30 world leaders for the Summit of Americas.

Horgan tweeted concerning the assembly shortly after.

Tensions over the Trans Mountain enlargement have been constructing since Kinder Morgan suspended all non-essential spending on the mission on Sunday. The corporate has given the federal authorities till Might 31 to ship concrete assurances that the expanded line will get constructed.

That prompted Trudeau to name an emergency cupboard assembly in Ottawa Monday. Ministers emerged from that assembly disclosing no concrete options to the standoff.

Finance Minister Invoice Morneau met with Notley in Toronto early Wednesday night.

Notley stated she left the assembly feeling “extra satisfied” that Ottawa will quickly take motion, however didn’t say what choices have been on the desk. 

‘Swift motion’ promised

“I’ll say that he did guarantee me the Canadian authorities plans to take swift motion on this file,” she stated on a convention name after the assembly.

At present, Morneau stated the federal government can have a constant message for the premiers going ahead.

“We’re resolved to maneuver ahead on this mission. We’ve the federal instruments to do this. We might be, in fact, discussing how do do this with the mission proponent,” he stated throughout a Public Coverage Discussion board occasion in Toronto.

“These discussions are already underway. I haven’t got the chance to offer you extra particulars as a result of we do have to get by these discussions to seek out the proper strategy to making sure that that is delivered on behalf of Canadians.”

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau left Ottawa at this time for Lima, Peru. (Sean Kilpatrick/Canadian Press)

Trudeau’s assembly comes amid mounting stress from Canada’s enterprise group to interrupt the impasse and get the pipeline constructed. 

Influential businessman Dominic Barton, who additionally chairs the federal authorities’s financial advisory council, stated job-generating infrastructure tasks take too lengthy to get inbuilt Canada and the federal government should discover a strategy to expedite the method.

‘Disaster of confidence’

The Enterprise Council of Canada issued a press release that stated power delays at the moment are threatening to kill the mission, “denying Canadians the chance to get full worth for his or her vitality sources in worldwide markets.”

That will deprive governments of funding for a variety of public providers and forged “severe doubt” on Canada’s repute as a secure place to take a position and a jurisdiction the place the rule of legislation prevails, the assertion learn.

Enterprise leaders in B.C. additionally held a joint information convention urging a fast decision to a standoff they are saying quantities to a “disaster of confidence” in Canada.

After assembly with the premiers, Trudeau is now scheduled to journey to Paris for his first official go to to France and a gathering with French President Emmanuel Macron. He will even deal with the French Nationwide Meeting and attend a number of talking engagements.

He’s scheduled to then journey to London, the place he’s to fulfill the Queen and British Prime Minister Theresa Might earlier than attending the Commonwealth heads of presidency assembly.