Posts Tagged ‘People’

Mutated strains of HIV circulating in Saskatchewan are resulting in faster-developing AIDS-related diseases within the Indigenous inhabitants, new analysis has proven.

The analysis from the B.C. Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS and Simon Fraser College was offered on the 2018 AIDS Convention in Amsterdam on Thursday. It confirmed that the strains of HIV in Saskatchewan have excessive ranges of immune-resistant mutations in comparison with ones in different areas of Canada and the US.

“Physicians have been saying, ‘There’s one thing happening right here that is not proper, persons are getting sick very, very quick,'” mentioned Zabrina Brumme, the lead creator of the examine and an affiliate professor of well being sciences at Simon Fraser College.

“It is nearly as if the virus is nastier.”

Saskatchewan’s HIV incidence charges are among the many highest in North America, with 2016 charges in some areas greater than 10 occasions the nationwide common. Practically 80 per cent of individuals with HIV within the province are Indigenous.

The researchers hypothesized that the rapidly creating diseases have been linked with resistant strains that had tailored to the precise immune profile of Indigenous individuals.

Darryl Caldwell, a Saulteaux man and a member of the Cote First Nation, contracted HIV in 2011. Quickly after his diagnoses he turned an advocate to assist educate First Nations communities.

“After I came upon, it was surreal. I believed, ‘Is that this actually occurring to me?’ Now I take a look at it as a blessing — that I obtained HIV — as a result of it made me notice how valuable life is. And it made me notice how we have to work collectively to forestall HIV, as a result of it’s completely, 100-per-cent, preventable … by utilizing condoms and hurt discount companies on the market just like the needle change,” Caldwell says

Darryl Caldwell is an advocate for schooling and prevention. He was recognized in 2011 with HIV, and stresses the significance ART remedy for these recognized. (Penny Smoke/CBC)

“As quickly as I used to be recognized I used to be positioned on ART, antiretroviral remedy, instantly and since then my HIV [viral] load is undetectable. That is why it is necessary for individuals to get educated and examined, as a result of lots of people are dying on reserve now from full-blown AIDS as a result of they have not had entry to testing.”

Indigenous individuals make up 16 per cent of Saskatchewan’s inhabitants.

“In Saskatchewan, like different locations on the planet, HIV is adapting to the host populations through which it’s circulating,” Brumme mentioned.

“In Saskatchewan, nearly all of HIV-affected individuals are of Indigenous ancestry so HIV, in consequence, has tailored to those populations.”

The multi-year evaluation in contrast greater than 2,300 HIV sequences from Saskatchewan with units from elsewhere in Canada and the US.

A key mutation

They checked out 70 mutations, however one key mutation was discovered in additional than 80 per cent of HIV strains within the province, in contrast with solely about 25 per cent of HIV strains discovered elsewhere in North America.

Greater than 98 per cent of the HIV sequences collected in Saskatchewan had at the least one main immune-resistant mutation. Researchers mentioned meaning the strains with related mutations are being incessantly and broadly transmitted.

Jeff Pleasure, a analysis scientist with the B.C. centre, mentioned whereas the findings are regarding, the excellent news is that if individuals get examined, present therapy nonetheless works on immune-resistant strains.

Entry to testing is crucial

He mentioned it’s vital to broaden entry to HIV testing and therapy in Saskatchewan as a result of antiretrovirals not solely lower an individual’s signs, however may cease the unfold of the mutated HIV strains.

“Strains that carry the mutations will slowly die out as a result of they will not be transmitted to different people,” Pleasure mentioned.

The researchers mentioned they plan to meet with Saskatchewan  communities and physicians to assist unfold the outcomes and encourage extra testing.

The Saskatchewan authorities introduced a further $ 600,000 within the 2018-19 finances for HIV drugs.

A girl, 18, and a woman, 10, are lifeless and 13 different persons are injured after a capturing in Toronto’s Greektown neighbourhood on Sunday night, police say.

Toronto police say 16 individuals have been shot in whole, together with the shooter, a 29-year-old man, who additionally died. Eight girls and eight males have been shot, they usually vary in age from 10 to 59, police say.

The slain lady has been recognized as Reese Fallon, of Toronto, by Liberal MP Nathaniel Erskine-Smith, who represents a close-by space. Fallon was related to a younger Liberals group within the space. She graduated from Malvern Collegiate Institute in Toronto final month. 

Police haven’t launched the identify of the woman who was killed, however mentioned earlier she was from the Larger Toronto Space. 

Police say the motive for the assault is unknown. ‘I am each single attainable motive for this,’ mentioned Toronto Police Chief Mark Saunders. (Paul Smith/CBC)

Toronto Police Chief Mark Saunders mentioned police do not know what prompted the assault and he acknowledged there are issues about ongoing gun violence in Toronto. He mentioned police are working to revive a way of security within the metropolis.

“There isn’t any magic capsule that we’ll take to say all is nicely,” Saunders instructed reporters at police headquarters in Toronto Monday. “It isn’t going to occur in a single day.”

Saunders praised front-line employees for his or her fast response, suggesting the state of affairs might have been a lot worse with out their efforts. Police will keep a heightened presence on the Danforth, he mentioned.

Det. Sgt. Terry Browne mentioned the capturing, which he described as “very disturbing,” occurred quickly and there are a number of scenes inside the primary scene. He mentioned there have been a whole lot of residents who offered medical assist to the “better of their means.”

Toronto cops collect close to the scene of the capturing. There’s nonetheless a heavy police presence within the Danforth. (Paul Smith/CBC)

‘Life altering’ accidents

Browne mentioned a few of the victims have “life-changing” accidents, whereas others will probably be launched from hospital quickly.

“We have now management of the town. That is an incident that has occurred, it’s a tragic incident, however there are various, many transferring elements to this incident and plenty of victims,” he mentioned. “We will get by way of this,” he mentioned.

Browne additionally mentioned police are looking for to acquire a search warrant of a residence in relation to the shooter. He declined to remark additional as a result of Ontario’s Particular Investigations Unit (SIU) is probing the circumstances of the person’s dying. The SIU investigates all incidents of dying or critical damage involving police within the province.

‘He shot the woman proper in entrance of me’ zero:28

Browne mentioned police will conduct an investigation into the shooter’s background. Uniformed officers will canvass areas north and south of the Danforth. 

Police mentioned all households of the victims have been notified.

Earlier, Saunders urged the general public to share any info they’ve concerning the capturing, together with video of what occurred. He mentioned the investigation remains to be in its early phases.

“I am each single attainable motive for this,” he mentioned. “When you’ve this many individuals struck by gunfire it is a grave concern.” 

The capturing left two individuals lifeless and 12 injured. The suspected gunman can be lifeless. (Paul Smith/CBC)

Working to determine shooter

At its information convention following the police replace, the SIU didn’t reveal the alleged gunman’s identify however mentioned an post-mortem will probably be carried out on Tuesday at 9:30 a.m. ET.

Monica Hudon, spokesperson for the SIU, mentioned the company remains to be attempting to substantiate the person’s identification. He was from Toronto. She mentioned that in keeping with coverage, the SIU wants permission from the household to launch the person’s identify however there are “distinctive circumstances.”

“How the person sustained his damage and what transpired are a part of the SIU’s investigation,” she mentioned.

Toronto cops stroll on Danforth Avenue after Sunday’s capturing. (Tony Smyth/CBC)

The SIU has towed a police cruiser from the scene. Hudon mentioned two officers who have been within the cruiser may even be investigated for his or her position within the change of gunfire with the person.

She mentioned the person’s firearm is now within the SIU’s possession.

In accordance with the SIU, a person strolling alongside Danforth Avenue fired at teams of individuals a number of occasions at about 10 p.m. ET on Sunday. Saunders mentioned the person was armed with a handgun.

The SIU mentioned officers situated the gunman on Bowden Road, close to Danforth and Broadview avenues, and an change of gunfire occurred. The SIU mentioned the gunman fled and was discovered lifeless on Danforth Avenue.

The SIU’s investigation will focus solely on what occurred on Bowden Road, whereas the Toronto police will examine what occurred on Danforth Avenue, Hudon mentioned.

Police haven’t mentioned how the suspect died however mentioned no officers have been injured within the change of gunfire.

It’s not identified which eating places have been shot at.

Danforth Avenue from Carlaw to Broadview avenues stays closed to site visitors as police examine.

Taken to trauma centres

Emergency crews have been known as to the scene close to Danforth and Logan avenues in Greektown, a part of which is situated inside Toronto’s Riverdale neighbourhood, shortly after the capturing.

Police spokesperson Mark Pugash mentioned it’s too early to say whether or not the capturing was motivated by terrorism.

Eight of the victims have been taken to trauma centres in Toronto.

Cops stand watch Sunday evening on Danforth Avenue. (Cole Burston/AFP/Getty)

Hospital spokespeople mentioned 4 individuals have been taken to St. Michael’s Hospital and three to Sunnybrook Well being Sciences Centre.

Najma Ahmed, appearing medical director of trauma at St. Michael’s Hospital, mentioned there are 5 sufferers on the hospital. Three underwent “instant lifesaving surgical procedure” after the capturing, she mentioned.

All 5 sufferers are in critical and significant situation, she mentioned.

Two physique elimination vans, in the meantime, left the scene of the capturing early Monday. 

‘Unspeakable act’

Mayor John Tory prolonged condolences to the households of the victims and thanked first responders for speeding to the scene to deal with the injured. He mentioned the capturing was an “unspeakable act” and an assault on the town.

“Our total metropolis has been shocked by this cowardly act of violence. As I mentioned earlier this morning on the scene, I am, in fact, offended as all of us are that somebody would perform such an assault, which actually quantities to an assault on our metropolis itself,” Tory instructed metropolis council.

Police are seen close to the scene of Sunday’s mass capturing. (Chris Helgren/Reuters)

“The gun violence in any a part of our metropolis is horrible and fully unacceptable.”

Tory acknowledged that Toronto has a gun drawback. He mentioned he plans to succeed in out to provincial and federal officers to debate public security and the legality of weapons. He mentioned the town will probably be relentless to seek out out why the capturing occurred. 

“In occasions of such horror, it’s good to know that Toronto is just not alone and Toronto won’t ever be alone, and most vital of all, that the individuals of Toronto won’t ever be alone,” he mentioned.

On Sunday, Tory requested anybody with info — together with video surveillance footage, dashcam video or cellphone recordings — to contact police.

Toronto Coun. Mary Fragedakis, whose ward contains Danforth Avenue, instructed council in tears that the victims and family members are in her ideas and prayers.

“That is so heartbreaking,” she mentioned.

A video from one witness exhibits a person wearing black garments and a black hat strolling rapidly and firing three pictures from the sidewalk into no less than one store or restaurant. 

WARNING: This video incorporates pictures that some could discover disturbing

Warning: This video incorporates some graphic content material. Witness captured man, believed to be the shooter, hearth a number of gunshots right into a Greektown eatery. zero:25

Different politicians have reacted to the capturing.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau expressed condolences on Twitter, calling the capturing a “horrible tragedy.”

Public Security Minister Ralph Goodale counseled police and first responders in a tweet. He mentioned his workplace has been in contact with the mayor’s workplace.

Ontario Premier Doug Ford mentioned on Twitter, “My coronary heart goes out to the victims,” and thanked first responders for appearing rapidly.

Later, on the provincial legislature, he mentioned authorities will search justice despite the fact that the suspected shooter is lifeless. He additionally mentioned the provincial authorities will monitor the state of affairs carefully.

“What occurred final evening is tragic, and it needs to be trigger for anger. It reminds us that the established order is just not ok. We should do every little thing we are able to to carry criminals to justice whereas stopping different potential shootings,” Ford mentioned.

“We’ll make certain our police have the instruments and sources they should do their jobs, and we are going to work with our municipal and federal counterparts to determine, apprehend and convict those that commit, or plan to commit violence.”

Toronto Police Affiliation president Mike McCormack instructed CBC Toronto seasoned officers have been saying they’ve by no means seen something like this.

“It is only a horrible scene. Households having fun with themselves on the Danforth, alleged to be in a really secure space, and this occurs,” he mentioned. “It is completely devastating.”

A police officer stands guard on the scene of a mass capturing in Toronto. (Chris Helgren/Reuters)

Witnesses describe chaos

Jody Steinhauer tells CBC Information she was at Christina’s restaurant on the Danforth together with her household when she heard what seemed like 10 to 15 blasts of firecrackers.

She mentioned she was instructed to run to the again of the restaurant.

“We began to listen to individuals scream out entrance,” Steinhauer mentioned.

A big police presence after a person shot 14 individuals on the busy Danforh Ave. zero:59

Kerri Lahey mentioned she was consuming dinner at 7Numbers restaurant together with her boyfriend when she noticed the gunman enter by way of a facet door and shoot a lady. 

“We have been sitting out on the patio and we heard pictures, so we went inside, after which he got here within the restaurant and he shot the woman proper in entrance of me,” Lahey mentioned. 

“If we did not run inside at the moment, we most likely would have been lifeless proper now.”

Investigators from Ontario’s Particular Investigations Unit, which probes police-involved shootings, are on the scene. (Tony Smyth/CBC)

John Tulloch was getting out of his automobile on the Danforth when he heard gunshots. 

“I assumed it was fireworks at first ‘trigger it was a speedy hearth,” he mentioned. “We noticed individuals beginning to run in our route. I nonetheless did not know what it was after which extra individuals began operating.”

On the weekend, an extra 200 cops have been deployed in varied areas of the town in response to a current spike in gun violence that officers have blamed totally on gang exercise.

Gunshots may be heard on this witness video

There’s most likely nothing extra controversial in Canada proper now than Kinder Morgan’s plan to broaden its 1,000-kilometre Trans Mountain pipeline. 

The concept is to triple the quantity of bitumen the pipe can carry from Alberta’s oilsands to the B.C. coast. The mission has the help of the federal authorities, which believes the pipeline is essential to the way forward for the nation.

Environmentalists, however, fear it’s an ecological catastrophe ready to occur.

The Nationwide despatched reporter Nick Purdon and producer/videographer Leonardo Palleja to drive the pipeline route from Edmonton to Vancouver and discuss to the individuals who stay alongside it to search out out what’s at stake for them and their communities. 

  • WATCH: Nick Purdon’s function on the individuals dwelling alongside the Trans Mountain pipeline route tonight on The Nationwide on CBC tv, and streamed on-line

Trans Mountain pipeline route (Scott Galley/CBC)



Clarence Shields – Nisku, Alta.

Clarence Shields’ pure habitat is behind the enormous picket bar at Blackjack’s roadhouse — a sort of unofficial union corridor for oilpatch employees.

The bar is a stone’s throw from the start of the Trans Mountain pipeline. Shields owns the place.

Clarence Shields says he believes Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain enlargement mission is essential for the way forward for Canada. (Nick Purdon/CBC )

If we do not have entry to our sources we’ll be a have-not nation. That is what scares me.– Clarence Shields

Shields’ view is that oil powers the nation, and all Canadians profit from getting it out of the bottom.

“So as to hold us complete we constructed a railway. So as to hold us complete we constructed pipelines,” he says.

“That is actually the financial way forward for the subsequent technology. If we do not have entry to our sources, we’ll be a have-not nation.

“That is what scares me.”

Clarence Shields, who has had companies close to Canada’s largest oilfield park, says the Trans Mountain pipeline is ‘so essential for the financial way forward for this nation’ zero:57


Todd Noble – Jasper, Alta.

Todd Noble, 46, has labored on the Jasper Skytram (the very best and longest in Canada) for 22 years — right this moment he is the final supervisor.

Though Noble has made the seven-minute journey and stepped out looking out positioned 2,277 metres above sea degree extra instances than he can rely, he says the fantastic thing about Jasper Nationwide Park nonetheless astonishes him.

He is additionally keenly conscious that Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain pipeline runs proper by means of the postcard of the nation.  

Todd Noble is the final supervisor of Jasper Skytram in Jasper Nationwide Park. Noble is not involved about Kinder Morgan’s pipeline enlargement. (Nick Purdon/CBC )In 2008 when Kinder Morgan upgraded its present pipeline in Jasper to extend its capability from 260,000 barrels per day to 300,000 bpd, the corporate impressed Noble. 

It is not such a scary factor to consider.– Todd Noble 

“They had been out and in of right here fairly easily, no points,” he says. “The impression on the world was minimal. Face worth, it could possibly appear a bit of disturbing, however having skilled it earlier than and the way they managed the world, it isn’t such a scary factor to consider.”

There have been a number of spills in Jasper Nationwide Park, together with one of many greatest within the historical past of the pipeline when in 1966 nearly 7,000 barrels of oil leaked into the park. 

Since 1961 there have been 82 spills alongside all the size of Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain route.

Todd Noble, a Sky Tram operator in Jasper Nationwide Park, says he doesn’t assume constructing the Trans Mountain pipeline would disrupt life within the area. zero:49


Patti Tyacke – Blue River, B.C.

“It was a church,” laughs Patti Tyacke as she explains why she and her companion Robin named their bed-and-breakfast the Holy Smoke Inn. 

Tyacke caters principally to snowmobilers who discover the world round Blue River, a small city of about 250 individuals. 

“I like this place. It is the jewel of the Yellowhead freeway,” Tyacke says. “Blue River — it would not get any higher.”

Patti Tyacke has lived alongside the pipeline route within the city of Blue River for 24 years. She and her husband run the Holy Smoke Inn mattress and breakfast in what was a church. (Nick Purdon/CBC )Nonetheless, Tyacke — who has lived in Blue River for 24 years — explains how her city has fallen on laborious instances because the native logging business dried up.

We do not need to see Blue River fail. Tourism is all that is left, so we’d like each job we will get on this neighborhood. And we’ll combat for it.– Patti Tyacke

She’s not apprehensive concerning the environmental dangers of increasing the Trans Mountain pipeline. She’s apprehensive about Blue River’s future.

“This complete valley wants it, we actually want it unhealthy,” she says of Trans Mountain. “The roles, and simply the individuals, we’d like the pipeline to undergo with a purpose to survive.”

Patricia Tyacke helps the Trans Mountain pipeline, as a result of she fears transporting oil by rail may flip her city into ‘the subsequent Lac Megantic’ zero:50


Charles Hays and Penny Powers – Black Pines, B.C.

“That is the rooster. His title is Fortunate,” says Penny Powers, who has her joke prepared at any time when anybody visits her small farm simply north of Kamloops.

“He is fortunate as a result of we had a bunch of males and he was one of the best one, and the remaining went to freezer camp.”

Penny Powers, 70, exhibits off a pair of eggs at her seven-acre farm in Black Pines, B.C. Powers thinks oil has been an enormous mistake for humankind and can result in our extinction. (Nick Purdon/CBC )

Powers, a retired nursing professor, and her companion Charles Hays stay near the land on a farm the place they get a lot of their energy from one of many largest sun-tracking photo voltaic panels within the province. 

If the pipeline enlargement will get constructed, they are saying it might imply the tip of their farm as they understand it.

“I do not actually like the concept of somebody coming in and vandalizing my property and leaving it for me to wash up,” says Hays. 

Fortunate is the rooster on Penny Powers and Charles Hays farm close to Kamloops, B.C. (Nick Purdon/CBC )He has adopted the talk concerning the pipeline enlargement, however finds it missing. Hays says he needs the Trans Mountain mission, which crosses the property of two,200 landowners in Alberta and B.C., was extra of a referendum on oil. 

The issue is that oil is a  19th  century expertise. We usually are not having a dialogue about what’s subsequent, what can we do as an alternative.– Charles Hays 

“The issue is larger than the farm. The issue is that oil is a 19th century expertise,” he says.

“We aren’t having a dialogue about what’s subsequent, what can we do as an alternative … it is simply, ‘we have now to pump oil as a result of we have now been doing it now for 100 years and we do not know the rest.'”

Charles Hayes opposes the Trans Mountain pipeline, as a result of he fears it can destroy his orchard zero:24


Pete Ryan – Hope, B.C. 

Lined in sawdust, Pete Ryan, the legendary chainsaw carver from Hope, B.C., works on an owl.  

“Obtained to have an owl prepared, as a result of there are loads of good guys on the market,” he says. “You must have good solutions.”  

Pete Ryan carves an owl along with his chainsaw simply metres from the Trans Mountain pipeline. (Nick Purdon/CBC )

For Ryan, the good reply with regards to the Trans Mountain pipeline enlargement is to stop debating the mission and get constructing.

“It has to get constructed. It is not a matter of ain’t getting constructed,” he says. “If it would not get constructed, we’re all in bother. It is good for the financial system and it ought to be finished.” 

If it would not get constructed we’re all in bother.– Pete Ryan 

The prevailing pipeline runs simply behind Ryan’s property the place he has been carving along with his chainsaws for 40 years.

“It is not sawdust … it is man-glitter,” Peter Ryan says as he makes use of a mini-vacuum to blow his t-shirt clear.

Pete Ryan says he hopes the Trans Mountain pipeline will get constructed, as a result of it could possibly be a lift for the financial system. zero:22


Ernie Crey – Cheam First Nation

“Incorrect!” Ernie Crey says, doing his finest Donald Trump imitation.

Crey is Chief of Cheam First Nation, about 100 kilometres east of Vancouver on the shores of the Fraser River.

Chief Ernie Crey stands on the banks of the Fraser river in Cheam First Nation, about 100 kilometres east of Vancouver. Cheam is one in every of 43 first nations to have signed agreements with Kinder Morgan. (Nick Purdon/CBC )“The favored picture of Indigenous individuals is that we aren’t considering taking part within the financial growth of the bigger neighborhood,” he says. “Incorrect! We wish this pipeline to undergo so we will enhance our financial standing in Canada.”

Crey says he will not permit environmentalists who oppose the mission to face in his method.   

The favored picture of Indigenous individuals is that we aren’t considering taking part within the financial growth of the bigger neighborhood. Incorrect!– Ernie Crey 

“I do not know the place they get off considering that my neighborhood can proceed to stay in poverty on this nation by opposing developments that we see as essential,” he says. 

Crey believes within the Trans Mountain pipeline mission so firmly that he says his neighborhood would contemplate investing in it to verify it will get constructed. 

Ernie Crey, Chief of Cheam First Nation in Cheam, B.C., helps the Trans Mountain pipeline as a result of he sees it as a ‘springboard to different enterprises this neighborhood has in thoughts.’ zero:52


Atiya Jaffar – Vancouver, B.C.

On March 20, Atiya Jaffar sat down along with her again towards the gate to Kinder Morgan’s Burnaby Terminal and broke the regulation.

“I felt nervous, of course,” says the 26-year-old from Vancouver. “I hadn’t finished something like this earlier than.” 

Atiya Jaffar grew up alongside the route of the Kinder Morgan pipeline in Surrey, B.C. She now works as a campaigner for 350.org – a corporation striving to construct a worldwide motion to combat local weather change. (Nick Purdon/CBC)Jaffar and 5 others had been arrested for defying a B.C. Supreme Court docket injunction which states that demonstrators should keep a minimum of 5 metres again from all Kinder Morgan amenities.

I would like to have the ability to look my youngsters within the eye years from now and inform them that I did what I may to guard their future.– Atiya Jaffar 

“I would like to have the ability to look my youngsters within the eye years from now and inform them that I did what I may to guard their future,” Jaffar says.

“It is so essential in moments like this to face on the best facet of historical past when politicians like Justin Trudeau usually are not doing so.”

Atiya Jaffar, an activist and immigrant from Pakistan, says constructing Trans Mountain ‘means unleashing catastrophic local weather change and that is a danger that I’m not prepared to take.’ zero:26


Ronnie Dean Harris – Vancouver, B.C.

Within the ultimate pipeline right-of-way, a dozen or so metres from Kinder Morgan’s Burnaby operation, Ronnie Dean Harris clears his throat and begins to rap.  

“You are all making offers with the satan with out checking the degrees …”  the Stō:lo/St’át’imc/Nlaka’pamux artist rhymes. 

Ronnie Dean Harris is a Stō:lo/St’át’imc/Nlaka’pamux artist dwelling in Vancouver. Harris is a frequent customer to the everlasting protest camp arrange on Burnaby mountain on the gates to Kinder Morgan’s operation. ‘I am unable to stay with this injustice happening,’ Harris says. (Nick Purdon/CBC )Harris is a fixture in and across the everlasting protest camp arrange outdoors Kinder Morgan’s Burnaby Mountain operation.

Change takes daring motion and colonization was a daring motion, and so we’re standing up.– Ronnie Dean Harris

Even so, he admits he is nervous about standing up towards the pipeline. 

“Talking up towards this business, towards this mission, places me in peril — places my household in peril,” he says.

“We live in a rustic the place we all know the justice system would not serve us nicely.”

Ronnie Dean Harris raps his rationale for opposing the Trans Mountain pipeline. zero:32

  • WATCH: Nick Purdon’s function on the individuals dwelling alongside the Trans Mountain pipeline route tonight on The Nationwide on CBC tv, and streamed on-line